Most of Spain lies in the Mediterranean climate zone. In the east, centre and south it has hot, dry, summers and mild winters, that have a bit of rain. Climate influences vegetation influences birdlife. Hence, the avifauna is markedly Mediterranean. Expect Hoopoe, Thekla Lark, Roller, Bustards, Bonelli’s Eagle, Black Vulture and Spanish Imperial Eagle. In the north, the Pyrenees mountains lie on the border with France. The highest elevations have an Alpine climate with more precipitation and lower temperatures. Birdlife is different here: Capercaillie, Wallcreeper, Lammergeier and Choughs. To the west, in Galicia and the Basque country, there is a marked influence of the Atlantic, cooler and wetter. Along the long, dented coastline many oceanic and wetland birds can be found. Gannet, Shearwaters, Gulls, Spoonbill and smaller waders.
We can design a trip of several days to sample several areas, increasing the number of species you see. But Spain is big, so if you want to avoid long drives we better select areas that are near one another. Alternatively, we organise a train journey or you may prefer to fly.